Rats are said to be very friendly when tame plus they are intelligent creatures that would make them cute as pets. Because domestic rats are less likely to bite than gerbils and hamsters, if your child is looking for a new pet, a domestic rat could be the family’s good choice. On the other hand, wild rats are definitely not cute and their infestation is never a good thing. And so, if you suspect that their family is starting to take up your home like in the garage, attic or basement, then this should be something to be concern of.
Rats have several sub-species, but the two main kinds are the black and brown rats. Some rats came from Asia, and they are quite small, but their relatives in some towns and cities are much larger.
Just like humans, rats migrated around the world following soldiers and traders along trade routes between Asia and Europe. Imagine them hitching rides on ships sailing between continents and after some time, rats are seen everywhere.
Just like many pests, rats are nature’s scavengers, and so the more food is available in a place, the more you will see them around. Rats prefer a diet of various meat and vegetables, but they are not choosy with their food, thus they will be satisfied raiding your trash or your vegetable patch. Note that rats will also attack small animals if they cannot find any other food around.
For over centuries, rats were portrayed in some ill ways and the main reason was that they help spread disease. A disease in the past called the black death or the bubonic plague, was transmitted by rats which were infested with fleas, and because of this 25 million people perished in the Middle Ages.
An outbreak of this disease can be avoided in our modern days because we have more understanding of the process of the disease. However, the spreading of disease is still possible with rats around and so we need to deal their infestation as soon as possible.
One disease that you should be concern of with rats living and breeding in your vicinity is called leptospirosis, the most common rat-borne disease.
Salmonella is another disease that you can obtain if you consume water or food that are contaminated by rats. If people are exposed to rat droppings or rat urine, they can be contaminated with the disease called hantavirus, and also this disease can be transmitted through rat bite. Humans can also be infested with e-coli, another very common infestation on rats, and contaminated food and water is a source.